e-Waste Management (3)


This is the excerpt of speech by Faisal Faraz on e-Waste Management.

About Faisal Faraz:

Marketing head of Greenscape Eco Management Solutions, Delhi. Before joining Greenscape he had worked with Convergys, Patani Computer. He hold MBA from Griffith College, Dublin. I tried to write down partial excerpt of his speech in the conference.

What is E-WASTE?

” E-waste can be broadly define as any type of old, discarded component containing electronically powered components. It includes everything including useful as well as hazardous material which needs reuse and recycling.”

Example: Computer, electronic apps, fridge, cell phones etc.

Households Lightening Equipments
ICT Equipments Medical control Equipments
Consumer Electronics

EU WEEE directive classification of e-waste:

  1. Large Household Appliances
    Washing machines, Dryers, Refrigerators, Air-conditioners, etc. Small Household Appliances
    Vacuum cleaners, Coffee Machines, Irons, Toasters, etc
  2. Office, Information & Communication Equipment
    PCs, Laptops, Mobiles, Telephones, Fax Machines, Copiers, Printers etc.
  3. Entertainment & Consumer Electronics
    Televisions, VCR/DVD/CD players, Hi-Fi sets, Radios, etc
  4. Lighting Equipment
    Fluorescent tubes, sodium lamps etc. (Except: Bulbs, Halogen Bulbs)
  5. Electric and Electronic Tools
    Drills, Electric saws, Sewing Machines, Lawn Mowers etc. (Except: large stationary tools/machines)
  6. Toys, Leisure, Sports and Recreational Equipment
    Electric train sets, coin slot machines, treadmills etc
  7. Medical Instruments and Equipment
  8. Surveillance and Control Equipment
  9. Automatic Issuing Machines

Growing Concern

  • Rapid development in technology and technology obsolescence: Because of rapid growth through science and technology, consumer application culture is growing. As new technology arrives in the market, it supersedes old one, it becomes useful to use new one. During this transformation, old used appliances and materials get outdated and new products enter into market.
  • Limited Storage: Even though new products are manufactured on daily basis. Scarps goes on increasing whereas space remains the same.
  • Data Security
  • Poor management: Scraps and e-waste are re-cycled in such manner that it produces lot of dangerous gases like mercury, Cadmium, Beryllium into atmosphere. It endangers the lifecycle of human being, plant and animal kingdom on the earth. Poor handling and procedures of e-wastes cycling leads harmful diseases to workers. It includes skin disorder, continuous eye burning, organ failure. Sometimes, it may lead to death also.

There are 1 billion computers in the world and number will reach 2 billion by 2014. 35 millions of PCs are dumped into landfill without any concern about recycling. It took 27 years to have 1 billions of computers; but within next 7 years more 1 billion PCs will be added into the world.

e-Waste
e-Waste

INDIA

  • Dangerous processing of e-waste: As discussed, e-waste is handled in very dirty manner. Scraps are dumped into landfills. They are burnt openly over the ground. Wire circuits are headed till complete melting of plastic coating. This generate very very dangerous gases in the atmosphere.
  • Un-trained workforce: Workers used in recycling plants are not trained for their work. This leads uncarefull handling and processing.

Recycling techniques

recycling of any e-waste it should be re-used as many times as possible. It saves manpower and energy of recycling of e-waste.

  • REUSE and NOT RECYCLE: Before recycling of any e-waste, it should be re-used as many times as possible. It saves energy and manpower of recycling.  Global companies like HCL, Nokia had their Take-back programs, in which e-waste of mobiles and laptops are taken back.(which avoids uncarefull handling and processing)
  • Personal and Group responsibility: Institutions, schools, colleges, NGOs should conduct e-waste collection drive and awareness campaigns. This can be considered as extended responsibility of every citizen.
  • Integration model for Informal Sector: There is No exact procedure or Flow of  e-waste management and recycling. So, Proper flow of recycling should be designed. It avoids dangers and hazard during contemporary processing.
  • E-waste processing also takes some material and energy for processing. Following table show the stats about some metals.
Commodity required for
processing
Natural Metal
Ore (tons)
Average e-waste
produced(Tons)
1 ton Gold 200,000 700,000
1 ton steel 2 2
1 ton copper 200 14

Recycling Tips and requirements

  • Formal Sector
  • Strict Regulations
  • Security Issues
  • Mostly Reuse & Not recycle
  • Legal framework
  • Need for awareness
  • Retailing activities with Formal Sector

Umicore, Belgium: This world’s largest e-waste recycling company. It is expertise in Material Science, Chemistry and metallurgy. Visit here for clean technologies used by them.

Management in GreenScape

GreenScape manages its recycling in following techniques and processes

  1. Free collection drive: Scrap collection drive done across the city helps to get e-waste for recycling.
  2. Media Highlight: Co-operation through media like News papers and TV channels help to highlight work efforts of environmental sustenance.
  3. Reuse Before recycles: We are forced to reuse scraps before recycling if possible.
  4. Rural Employments: This type of work creates employment to people from rural areas.
  5. Electronic Inventory Management.
  6. Non-polluting (Dry) processing: As much as possible heating or chemical processing is avoid for scrap processing.

WAY FORWARD

  1. Adherence to Standards of RoHS(Restriction of the use of certain Hazardous Substances)
  2. PVC,BFR free devices
  3. Eco Design
  4. Producer responsibility
  5. Legal Frame work
  6. No more green washing: When any consumer application is painted before selling. Recycling of painted/ coated material become difficult and involves troublesome efforts. Device made up of plastic+ metal also is required long process.
  7. Each Country Model: Each country should consider obligatory to process e-waste produced in their country. They should keep Eco-design standards of e-waste processing.
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